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Congressional Documents: Markups&Marks


"After hearings are completed, the subcommittee usually will consider the bill in a session that is popularly known as the 'markup' session. The views of both sides are studied in detail and at the conclusion of deliberation a vote is taken to determine the action of the subcommittee. It may decide to report the bill favorably to the full committee, with or without amendment, or unfavorably, or without recommendation. The subcommittee may also suggest that the committee 'table' it or postpone action indefinitely." How Our Laws Are Made, H. Doc. 108-93, June 20, 2003.

The "chair's mark" is the version of the bill that the committee chair decides to use during the markup session. For more information, see Congressional procedure: a practical guide to the legislative process in the U.S. Congress, Richard A. Arenberg, 2018, p. 50. (print)

For more information on markups

Finding markups

Markups are seldom published. When a markup is published, it might be published with or as a Committee Hearing, a Committee Print, or a Committee Report. ProQuest Congressional is a good database to search for these materials. Note that the word "markup" may or may not be in the title. Examples of a markup ...

published as a hearing: Markup of H.R. 4617, The Stopping Harmful Interference in Elections for a Lasting Democracy Act

containing a chairman's mark: Markup of H. RES. 279, H. RES. 303, H.R. 1679, H.R. 151, H.R. 586, H.R. 749, and H.R. 415

in a committee print: Amendment and views to the select Committee on Homeland Security on H.R. 5005, the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (including markup of H.R. 5005)

in a committee report: Remote Sensing Applications Act of 2004

NexisUni includes "Congressional Quarterly Committee Markup Coverage", 2000-present. To search for those materials, from within NexisUni choose: Menu > "All Sources" > "Search Within Sources" > Congressional Quarterly Committee Markup Coverage > click on drop-down arrow > "Add source as a search filter".

A markup may be announced in the Daily Digest section of the Congressional Record or in the Legislative Committee Calendar.

Other places to look for markups: