"Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution grants the President of the United States the power to nominate, and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint individuals to certain positions laid out in the Constitution and in subsequent laws." congress.gov
Relevant CRS Reports (via guide on Congressional Documents):
For more on procedures, see Congressional procedure: a practical guide to the legislative process in the U.S. Congress, Richard A. Arenberg, 2018, 141-145. (Bowdoin Main Libr KF4937 .A974 2018 (print))
Use ProQuest Congressional (or another source of hearings) to search for confirmation/nomination hearings, of any. Limit to hearings and to the time period of interest for e.g. secretary of the Dept. of Homeland Security:
(confirmation OR nomination) AND secretary AND ("homeland security" OR DHS)
The Senate Judiciary Committee asks Supreme Court nominees to fill out questionnaires. To find the filled-out questionnaires, try:
For background, see Questioning Judicial Nominees: Legal Limitations and Practice, Congressional Research Service, R45300, updated March 17, 2022.
The Senate committee of jurisdiction may report back to the full Senate. (The report is infrequently published.) Search for Senate Executive Reports in databases containing Senate committee reports or the Serial Set.
Nominees may be considered in Senate Executive Session. If so, any debate or vote can be found in the Congressional Record.
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