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Congressional Documents: Committees

Also...

For committee jurisdictions, see the "Committee Jurisdiction" box on the Rules and Procedures tab.

For congressional committee agendas, see "Platforms & Agendas".

Committees

House Committees, U.S. House of Representatives

Senate Committees, U.S. Senate

Committee Membership

Committees in the U.S. Congress, 1789-1946
Main Ref JK1029 .C64 2002

Committees in the U.S. Congress, 1947-1992
Main Ref JK1029 .N45 1993

Committees in the U.S. Congress, 1993-2010
Main Ref JK1029 .C645 2011

Congress and the Nation
Govt Index JK411 .C6
1945-present (print)
Congress and the Nation, 2013-2016 (online)
Published annually. Exceedingly useful tool. Each annual volume summarizes selected Congressional action on a full range of topics: appropriations, defense, commerce, agricultural, health, economy, etc. Also includes congressional leadership, roll call votes, key votes, voting analyses (presidential support, party unity, voting participation), list of public laws passed, etc. For public laws, provides a brief history of a bill, including bill numbers, committee reports, date signed by the President, etc.

Almanac of American Politics (most recent ed. online)
Almanac of American Politics (print)
Main Ref JK 1012 .A44
1974-
A volume is issued for each Congress. Organized by state, it includes narrative descriptions of districts and demographics. Also congressional biographies, committees, and key votes.

Politics in America
Main Ref JK 1010 .P64
Main Libr JK 1010 .P64
1990-2014
Similar to Almanac of American Politics, you'll find biographies, key votes, committees, and campaign finance.

Washington Information Directory
1983/84-
Main Libr F192.3 .W33 (most recent at Reference Desk)
Washington Information Directory, 2020-21 (online)
Includes information on committee jurisdiction and committee and subcommittee membership.

Congressional yellow book, 2013-
Main Ref, Main Libr JK1012 .C652
Previously: Congressional staff directory, 1959-2012 (with gaps)
Main Libr JK1012 .C65
Includes information on committee jurisdiction.

Official congressional directory (print; newer editions online)
Govt Ref, Govt Doc Y 4.P 93/1:1/

Senate

Senate Committee & Subcommittee Assignments
2007-
From the U.S. Senate.

Committee and subcommittee assignments for the ... Congress, Senate (online)
Bowdoin Govt Doc Y 1.3:S.PUB.106-51 (print)

Senate Calendar of Business

Current Congress

Committee Directory and Official List of Standing Committees and Subcommittees
Current Congress. From the U.S. House of Representatives.

Committee Membership List
Current congress. From the U.S. Senate.

Committee Rosters and General Information
Choose "Members & Committees"/"Committees" on the left. Current Congress. From ProQuest Congressional.

Congressional Committees, govtrack.us

Data files

Congressional Committees, Historical Standing Committees, 1789-1947
From Charles Stewart, MIT.

Congressional Committees, Historical Standing Committees, 1947-1992
Corresponds to Committees in the U.S. Congress, 1947-1992. From Charles Stewart, MIT.

Congressional Committees, Modern Standing Committees, 103rd--112th Congresses
From Charles Stewart, MIT.

Committee History and Activities (retrospective)

House

Committee History
From the U.S. House of Representatives.

House Rules and Manual  (Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and Rules of the House of Representatives)
104th Congress to Present
"Contains the fundamental source material for parliamentary procedure used in the House of Representatives." Rule X in the section on House Rules pertains to the organization of committees, including their jurisdictions and history. To find this publication for other congresses since 1909, search CBBcat as follows, substituting the spelled-out ordinal congress number desired:
"Constitution, Jefferson's Manual, and Rules" AND "eighty-fifth"

Record of House committee actions (organized chronologically by committee) is found in the House Journal.

Senate

Senate Standing, Select, Special, and Joint Committees
From the U.S. Senate. Includes information on committee history

Some Senate committees issue a "legislative activities report". Search for them in databases that include Senate Reports. Example: Legislative Activities Report of the Committee on Foreign Relations United States Senate, S. Rept. 115-22.

General

These CQ publications may include short histories of the committees.

Congressional committees, 1789-1982 : a checklist
Main Ref JK1029 .S78 1985
Includes dates of establishment, termination, and authorities; name changes; and Superintendent of Documents numbers.

Some House and Senate committees publish regular reports on their activities which may be titled "Report on the Activities [...]", "Report on the Activity [...]", "Activities of [...]", "Accomplishments Report", "Report [...] Accomplishments" etc. Search for these in databases that include Committee Prints, House and Senate Documents, and/or House and Senate Reports. Example: "Report on the Activities of the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives During the One Hundred Eleventh Congress", H.rpt. 111-712

Many committees have published a committee history that may include a history of its jurisdiction, summaries of legislative activities, and lists of members. Search for histories in databases that include Committee Prints, House and Senate Documents, and/or House and Senate Reports. Some examples:

Record of committee meetings and hearings (organized chronologically) is found in the "Daily Digest" section of the Congressional Record.

Almanac of American Politics (most recent ed. online)
Almanac of American Politics (print)
The entries for the chairs and committee members may include discussion of those individuals' roles and activities on the committees.

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