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Congressional Documents: Impeachment

A selection of materials about and documenting the major events in the impeachment (House) and trial (Senate) of a U.S. President

Impeachment of a President - the process

United States Constitution, article I, § 2, clause 5; article I, § 3, clauses 6-7; article II, § 4. Available in govinfo.

In the House of Representatives

"Impeachment", U.S. House of Representatives.

Impeachment: Selected Materials on Procedure, House Committee on the Judiciary, committee print, January 1974. Y 4.J 89/1:IM 7/4. Available in HeinOnline and HathiTrust.

Constitutional grounds for Presidential impeachment; Report, by the Staff of the Impeachment Inquiry, House Committee on the Judiciary, committee print, 1974. Govt Doc Y 4.J 89/1:IM 7/3. Available in HeinOnline and HathiTrust.

Background and history of impeachment: hearing before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, 9 November 1998. Govt Doc Y4.J89/1:105/63. Available in ProQuest Congressional and HathiTrust.

Constitutional grounds for presidential impeachment: modern precedents: report, House Committee on the Judiciary, committee print, November 1998. Govt Doc Y 4.J 89/1:IM 7/17. Available in HeinOnline and HathiTrust.

"Impeachment", in House Practice: A Guide to the Rules, Precedents, and Procedures of the House, House of Representatives, Chapter 27, 2017. Y 1.2:P 88/2/2017. Available in govinfo.

Impeachment Investigations: Law and Process, CRS Report, 2 October 2019.

The Impeachment Process in the House of Representatives, CRS Report, 14 November 2019.

In the Senate

"Impeachment", U.S. Senate.

Procedure and guidelines for impeachment trials in the United States Senate, S.Doc. 93-102, 8 August 1974. Y 1.1/3:93-102, Govt Doc Serial 13065. Available in U.S. Congressional Serial Set and HathiTrust.

Procedure and guidelines for impeachment trials in the United States Senate (revised edition) prepared pursuant to Senate Resolution 439, S.Doc. 99-33, 15 August 1986. Y 1.1/3:99-33, Govt Doc Serial 13666. Available in U.S. Congressional Serial Set and govinfo.

Impeachment of President William Jefferson Clinton: constitutional provisions; rules of procedure and practice in the Senate when sitting on impeachment trials; articles of impeachment against President William Jefferson Clinton; President Clinton's answer; and replication of the House of Representatives, S.Doc. 106-2, 13 January 1999. Y 1.1/3:106-2, Serial 14533. Available in govinfo and HathiTrust.

In General

Congressional Resolutions on Presidential Impeachment: A Historical Overview, CRS Report, 1998. Note: Many of the entries for the impeachments of Johnson and Nixon on this page are based on the events described in this report.

"Impeachment Power", in Guide to Congress, pp. 391-414. Main Ref JK1021 .C565 2008.

Impeachment and Removal, CRS Report, 2015.

Search or browse books at Bowdoin Library

Search CBBcat

Click on (or type or copy and paste exactly the following into the CBBcat keyword search box) to search on materials on impeachment in the United States:
d:(impeachment*) AND d:("united states")

For materials on the impeachment of a particular president:
d:(impeachment*) AND d:(clinton)

Library of Congress Subject Headings

  • Impeachments -- United States.
  • Impeachments -- United States -- History.
  • Trials (Impeachment) -- United States.
  • Trials (Impeachment) -- United States -- History.
  • Presidents -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States.
  • Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875 -- Impeachment.
  • Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875 -- Trials, litigation, etc.
  • Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994 -- Impeachment.
  • Clinton, Bill, 1946- -- Impeachment.
  • Clinton, Bill, 1946- -- Trials, litigation, etc.
  • Trump, Donald, 1946- -- Impeachment.

Browse

Browse the shelves in HL (don't forget the Display Alcove) in these call number ranges:

E 666 Andrew Johnson's administration, including impeachment
E 860 Nixon administration: Watergate Affair, 1972-1974
E 861 Nixon administration: impeachment question and resignation
E 886.2 Clinton's administrations, including impeachment
KF 4958 Congress: impeachment power and procedure
KF 5075 - KF 5076 President: impeachment

Find articles on impeachment

Scholarly

Trade

Newspapers

Summary by President

President House Senate
Impeachment
Resolution or Articles
Result Trial begun Result
Trump 2019      
Clinton 1998 impeached, 1998 1999 acquitted, 1999
Nixon 1974 resigned before impeachment
vote in House, 1974
n/a n/a
Johnson 1868 impeached, 1868 1868 acquitted, 1868

Donald John Trump, 2019

House of Representatives

  1. Chairman Nadler Statement on Judiciary Committee Impeachment Procedures, 29 October 2019
  2. House Resolution 660 to continue ongoing investigations. "[...] directing certain committees to continue their ongoing investigations as part of the existing House of Representatives inquiry into whether sufficient grounds exist for the House of Representatives to exercise its Constitutional power to impeach Donald John Trump, President of the United States of America, and for other purposes", H. Res. 660, engrossed in House, passed 31 October 2019. Available in govinfo.
  3. House report accompanying H.Res. 660. Directing Certain Committees to Continue Their Ongoing Investigations as Part of the Existing House of Representatives Inquiry into Whether Sufficient Grounds Exist for the House of Representatives to Exercise its Constitutional Power to Impeach Donald John Trump, President of the United States of America, and for Other Purposes, House Committee on Rules, H. Rept. 116-266, 30 October 2019. Y 1.1/8:116-266. Available in govinfo.
  4. Hearings conducted by the House Select Intelligence Committee 13-21 November 2019.
  5. "House Intelligence, Oversight, and Foreign Affairs Republicans Release Report of Evidence in the Democrats’ Impeachment Inquiry", 2 December 2019.
  6. "House Intelligence Committee Releases Draft Report As Part of Impeachment Inquiry", 3 December 2019.
  7. Hearings conducted by the House Judiciary Committee, beginning 4 December 2019, with a hearing entitled "The Impeachment Inquiry into President Donald J. Trump: Constitutional Grounds for Presidential Impeachment".
  8. Constitutional Grounds for Presidential Impeachment, House Judiciary Committee, House Report, 7 December 2019
  9. House Resolution 755, including two Articles of impeachment. "Resolution impeaching Donald John Trump, President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors", H.Res. 755, introduced in House, 10 December 2019. Available in govinfo.

For very recent documents, transcripts, videos, and other materials, try:

William Jefferson Clinton, 1998-1999

Clinton

Source: "William J. Clinton. Addressing a joint session of the
Congress on the state of the Union, January 19", 1999, Public
Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J. Clinton
.
Available in govinfo.

Overviews

Congress and the Nation.
Govt Index JK411 .C6 (print)

  • Vol. X, 1997-2001, pp. 813-827, 1017-1021

CQ Almanac.
Govt Index JK1 .C66 (print)

  • "House of Representatives Casts Historic Vote To Impeach Clinton", 1998, pp. 12-3 - 12-53 (online)
  • Most of the articles in the Appendix, 1998, pp. D-13 - D-47 (online)
  • "President Clinton Survives Impeachment Trial; His Reputation Does Not", 1999, pp. 13-3 - 13-24 (online)
  • "Hyde's Summation: 'We Must Never Tolerate One Law for the Ruler And Another for the Ruled'", 1999, pp. D-13 - D-15 (online)
  • "Bumpers' Conclusion: The People 'Are Calling on You To Rise Above Politics ... Above Partisanship'", 1999, pp. D-16 - D-20 (online)
  • "House's Rationale for Witnesses: Testimony 'Will Lend Greater Coherence and Understanding'", 1999, pp. D-21 - D-23 (online)

Compilations of Documents

Impeachment of President William Jefferson Clinton - The Evidentiary Record Pursuant to S. Res. 16, S.Doc. 106-3. Y 1.1/3:106-3, Serial 14534-14545. Available in govinfo.
This document "contains all publicly available materials submitted to or produced by the Judiciary Committee of the House of Representatives". (Source: S.Doc. 106-4)

Proceedings of the United States Senate in the impeachment trial of President William Jefferson Clinton, S.Doc. 106-4. Govt Doc Y 1.1/3:106-4/v. 1-4. Serial 14545. Available in govinfo.
"This document contains the full record of the United States Senate proceedings in the impeachment trial of President William Jefferson Clinton."

House of Representatives

  1. Debate and vote on H.Res. 581 to open the impeachment inquiry. Congressional Record, House, 8 October 1998, pp. 24679-24735. Available in HeinOnline and govinfo.
  2. House Resolution 581. "Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary, acting as a whole or by any subcommittee thereof appointed by the chairman for the purposes hereof and in accordance with the rules of the committee, is authorized and directed to investigate fully and completely whether sufficient grounds exist for the House of Representatives to exercise its constitutional power to impeach William Jefferson Clinton, President of the United States of America", H. Res. 581, engrossed in House, 8 October 1998. Available in govinfo.
  3. Hearings conducted by the House Committee on the Judiciary between 9 November 1998 and 10 December 1998. Search ProQuest Congressional and/or HathiTrust, and/or browse govinfo.
  4. House Resolution 611, Articles of impeachment. "Impeaching William Jefferson Clinton, President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors", H. Res. 611, reported in House, 15 December 1998. Available in govinfo.
  5. Report from the House Committee on the Judiciary recommending impeachment and proposing a Resolution and Articles of Impeachment, to accompany H.Res. 611. Impeachment of William Jefferson Clinton, President of the United States, H. Rept. 105-830, 16 December 1998. Govt Doc Y 1.1/8:105-830/corr, Serial 14526. Available in govinfo.
  6. Consideration of Articles of Impeachment (H.Res. 611). Congressional Record, House, 18-19 December 1998, pp. 27828-28014, 28035-28110. Available in HeinOnline and govinfo.
  7. Votes on Articles of Impeachment (H.Res. 611). Congressional Record, House, 19 December 1998, pp. 28110-28112. Available in HeinOnline and govinfo.
  8. Nomination and election of managers. Congressional Record, House, 19 December 1998, pp. 28112-28113. Available in HeinOnline and govinfo.

Senate

  1. House Resolution 611, Articles of impeachment. "Resolution Impeaching William Jefferson Clinton, President of the United States, for high crimes and misdemeanors". H.Res. 611, received in the Senate, 19 December 1998. Available in govinfo.
  2. Chief Justice administers oath. Congressional Record, Senate, 7 January 1999, p. 274. Available in HeinOnline and govinfo.
  3. Senate Resolution 16, governing impeachment proceedings. "To provide for issuance of a summons and for related procedures concerning the articles of impeachment against William Jefferson Clinton, President of the United States", S. Res. 16, agreed to Senate, 8 January 1999. Available in govinfo.
  4. Senate Resolution 30, governing impeachment proceedings. "Relative to the procedures concerning the articles of impeachment against William Jefferson Clinton", S. Res. 30, agreed to Senate, 28 January 1999. Available in govinfo.
  5. Trial of William Jefferson Clinton. Congressional Record, Senate, 14 January 1999 - 8 February 1999, pp. 357-2026. Available in HeinOnline and govinfo.
  6. Managers' presentation of their case. Congressional Record, Senate, 14 January 1999, pp. 521-553. Available in HeinOnline and govinfo.
  7. Presentation of case for the President. Congressional Record, Senate, 19-21 January 1999, pp. 1055-1221. Available in HeinOnline and govinfo.
  8. Votes on Articles of Impeachment. Congressional Record, Senate, 12 February 1999, pp. 2376-2377. Available in HeinOnline and govinfo.

Other

Video of proceedings in Congress and other remarks from C-SPAN.

The Starr Report. Referral from Independent Counsel Kenneth W. Starr in conformity with the requirements of Title 28, United States Code, section 595(c): communication from Kenneth W. Starr, independent counsel, transmitting a referral to the United States House of Representatives filed in conformity with the requirements of Title 28, United States Code, section 595(c). 11 September 1998. H.Doc. 105-310. Govt Doc Y 1.1/7:105-310, Serial 14495. Available in govinfo. Includes acts that may constitute grounds for an impeachment, pp. 129-210.
Appendices to the Referral to the United States House of Representatives Pursuant to Title 28, United States Code, Section 595(c) Submitted by the Office of the Independent Counsel. H.Doc 105-311. Y 1.1/7:105-311/PT.1-2, Serial 14496-14497. Available in govinfo.
Supplemental Materials to the Referral to the United States House of Representatives Pursuant to Title 28, United States Code, Section 595(c) Submitted by the Office of the Independent Counsel. H.Doc 105-316. Y 1.1/7:105-316/PT.1-3, Serial 14499-14501. Available in govinfo.

Richard Milhous Nixon, 1973-1974

Source: Public Papers of the Presidents of
the United States: Richard M. Nixon.
.
Available in govinfo.

Overviews

Congress and the Nation.
Govt Index JK411 .C6 (print)

  • Vol. IV, 1973-1976, pp. 931-967

CQ Almanac.
Govt Index JK1 .C66 (print)

  • "Watergate Scandal Overview", 1973, pp. 1007-10. (online)
  • "Watergate Scandal Background", 1973, pp. 1011-13. (online)
  • "Chronology of Watergate Developments in 1973", 1973, pp. 1014-53. (online)
  • "The Impeachment Inquiry", 1974, pp. 867-902 (online)

House of Representatives

  1. House Resolution 803. "Resolved, That the Committee on the Judiciary [...] is authorized and directed to investigate fully and completely whether sufficient grounds exist for the House of Representatives to exercise its constitutional power to impeach Richard M. Nixon", Congressional Record, House, 6 February 1974, pp. 2349-2350. Govt Doc X93/2:v.120 pt. 2. Available in HeinOnline and govinfo.
  2. Vote on House Resolution 803. Congressional Record, House, 6 February 1974, pp. 2362-2363. Govt Doc X93/2:v.120 pt. 2. Available in HeinOnline and govinfo.
  3. Hearings conducted by the House Committee on the Judiciary between 1 May 1974 and 30 July 1974. Search ProQuest Congressional and/or HathiTrust.
  4. Hearings conducted by the House Committee on the Judiciary, 24-27, 29-30 July 1974. Debate on Articles of Impeachment, House Committee on the Judiciary. Govt Doc Y4.J89/1:Im7/9. Available in ProQuest Congressional and HathiTrust.
  5. Report from the House Committee on the Judiciary recommending impeachment and proposing a Resolution and Articles of Impeachment. Impeachment of Richard M. Nixon, President of the United States, H.Rept. 93-1305, 20 August 1974. Y 1.1/8:93-1305, Govt Doc Serial 13064-3. Available in HeinOnline and HathiTrust.

Other

Video of proceedings in Congress and other remarks from C-SPAN.

"Letter resigning the Office of President of the United States", Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, 9 August 1974, p. 633. Govt Ref AE 2.114:1974/v. 1. Available in govinfo.

The final report of the Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities, United States Senate pursuant to S. Res. 60, February 7, 1973, a Resolution To Establish a Select Committee of the Senate To Investigate and Study Illegal or Improper Campaign Activities in the Presidential Election of 1972, S.Rpt. 93-981, June 1974. Y 1.1/5:93-981, Govt Doc Serial 13060-8. Available in U.S. Congressional Serial Set and HathiTrust.

Hearings conducted by Select Senate Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities, May - November 1973. Presidential Campaign Activities of 1972, S. Res. 60. Govt Doc Y4.P92/4:P92/, Govt Doc Y4.P92/4:P92/2/. Search ProQuest Congressional and/or HathiTrust, and/or browse govinfo.

Records of the Watergate Special Prosecution Force, 1971 -1977. Available in govinfo.

Grand Jury Report and Recommendation Concerning Transmission of Evidence to the House of Representatives (a.k.a. Watergate "Road Map"), released 31 October 2019. Available from National Archives and Records Administration.

Andrew Johnson, 1868

Andrew Johnson

Source: Andrew Johnson - President of the
United States.
[No Date Recorded on
Shelflist Card.] Photograph.
https://www.loc.gov/item/2003655779/.

Overviews

The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson (1868) President of the United States, U.S. Senate.

Historic Background on the Impeachment and Trial of President Andrew Johnson, Library of Congress, American Memory.

Compilations of Documents

Proceedings in the Trial of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, before the United States Senate, on Articles of Impeachment Exhibited by the House of Representatives. With an Appendix, Washington: Rives and Bailey, 1868. Available in HeinOnline and HathiTrust.

House of Representatives

  1. Committee on Reconstruction recommends impeachment and reports an impeachment Resolution. Congressional Globe, House, 22 February 1868, p. 1336. Govt Doc X v. 39 pt. 2. Available in HeinOnline and American Memory.
  2. Vote on an impeachment Resolution. Congressional Globe, House, 24 February 1868, p. 1400. Govt Doc X v. 39 pt. 2. Available in HeinOnline and American Memory.
  3. Votes on Articles of Impeachment. Congressional Globe, House, 2-3 March 1868, pp. 1613-1619, 1638-1642. Govt Doc X v. 39 pt. 2. Available in HeinOnline and American Memory.
  4. Nomination and election of Managers. Congressional Globe, House, 2 March 1868, pp. 1618-1619. Govt Doc X v. 39 pt. 2. Available in HeinOnline and American Memory.

Senate

  1. Presentation of Articles of Impeachment by the House Managers to the Senate. The Congressional Globe, Senate, 4 March 1868, p. 1647-1649. Govt Doc X v. 39 pt. 2. Available in HeinOnline and American Memory.
  2. Chief Justice administers oath. Congressional Globe, Senate, 5 March 1868, p. 1671. Govt Doc X v. 39 pt. 2. Available in HeinOnline and American Memory.
  3. Chief Justice administers oath. Congressional Globe, Senate, 6 March 1868, p. 1701. Govt Doc X v. 39 pt. 2. Available in HeinOnline and American Memory.
  4. Managers' statements. Supplement to the Congressional Globe Containing the Proceedings of the Senate Sitting for the Trial of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, Senate, 30 March 1868, pp. 29-63. Govt Doc X v. 39 supplement. Available in HeinOnline and American Memory.
  5. Presentation of case for the President. Supplement to the Congressional Globe Containing the Proceedings of the Senate Sitting for the Trial of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, Senate, 23 April 1868 - 2 May 1868, pp. 286-379. Govt Doc X v. 39 supplement. Available in HeinOnline and American Memory.
  6. Vote on Article of Impeachment. Supplement to the Congressional Globe Containing the Proceedings of the Senate Sitting for the Trial of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, Senate, 16 May 1868, pp. 410-412. Govt Doc X v. 39 supplement. Available in HeinOnline and American Memory.
  7. Votes on Articles of Impeachment. Supplement to the Congressional Globe Containing the Proceedings of the Senate Sitting for the Trial of Andrew Johnson, President of the United States, Senate, 26 May 1868, pp. 412-415. Govt Doc X v. 39 supplement. Available in HeinOnline and American Memory.

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