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Chicago-Style Citations: Social & Online Media, Data, Music, and Other Non-Print Materials, 17th ed.: Home


What is included?

This guide provides examples of citations to a variety of non-print materials appearing on the tabs above. These examples are based on the Notes and Bibliography system of the 17th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style* (henceforth CMOS 17). In addition, we include a few model citations for closely related print materials such as statistical tables published in books.


For materials such as e-mail, blogs, etc. that are included in CMOS 17, we simply provide a convenient summary of the citation recommended by CMOS 17.

However, for materials such as datasets and Creative Commons-licensed materials that are not included in CMOS 17, Bowdoin College Librarians provide our suggested citations in the style of CMOS 17. This suggested citation may in part be based on CMOS 17's support for flexibility and consistency (CMOS 17, 14.4) or on recommendations from archives and professional associations. These suggested citation models are not definitive. Please consult your professor in case of doubt.

I can't find what I need!

If you cannot find a model citation that fits your needs, please contact us or ask for assistance at the Reference Desk! Our list of Style and Citation Guides provides information about how to access guides for other citation styles.

Consult your professor

Be sure to consult your professor if you are not sure which citation style to use or if you wish to confirm your interpretation of our suggestions or of CMOS 17 recommendations.


* The Chicago Manual of Style, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 17th ed., 2017. Main Ref Desk Z253 .U69 2017 and online.

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