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Chicago-Style Citations: Social & Online Media, Data, Music, and Other Non-Print Materials, 17th ed.: Music
 

Notes about Sound Recordings

  • Although not specifically stated in CMOS 17, it is common practice to add the manufacturer's number to differentiate recordings.  The manufacturer's number usually appears on the disc label or the container and can be found in the CBBcat with the label "Music no."
  • If a date or other information cannot be determined from the recording, consult a library catalog or other resource. "Citations without a date are generally unacceptable. If no date can be found, use 'n.d.' (for no date)."  Information taken from the catalog or other resource should be placed in square brackets ([ ]).
  • Recordings may be listed in a separate discography  rather than within a bibliography (see CMOS 17, 12.262).  If included in a bibliography, they are best grouped under an appropriate subheading. See CMOS 17, fig. 14.12 for an example discography.

Streaming and Online Sound Recordings

Based on CMOS 17, 14.263

When citing recordings found online or in a databases, use as many of the same elements as you would when citing physical recording, but omit the format and add a DOI or URL.

Note 17. Franz Schubert, Complete Chamber Music for PIano and Strings, with Arion Trio, and others, BIS BIS-CD-521-24, [1988?], http://bowdoin.naxosmusiclibrary.com/catalogue/item.asp?cid=BIS-CD-521-24.
Bibliographic
Entry
Schubert, Franz. Complete Chamber Music for Piano and Strings. Arion Trio, and others. BIS BIS-CD-521-24, 1988?]. http://bowdoin.naxosmusiclibrary.com/catalogue/item.asp?cid=BIS-CD-521-24.

Sound Recordings (CD, LP, MP3)

It is common practice to add the manufacturer's number to differentiate recordings. The manufacturer's number usually appears on the disc label or the container and can be found in the CBBcat with the label "Music no."

Music principally by one composer

Note 5. Franz Schubert, Complete Chamber Music for Piano and Strings, with Arion Trio, Claudio Veress (viola), and Andreas Cincera (double bass), recorded 1988 and 1989, Pantheon D24975, 1989, compact discs.
Bibliographic
Entry
Schubert, Franz.. Complete Chamber Music for Piano and Strings. Arion Trio, Claudio Veress (viola), and Andreas Cincera (double bass). Recorded 1988 and 1989. Pantheon D24975, 1989. 4 compact discs.

Music principally performed one performer or group and music is composed by multiple composers

Note 5. Louis Armstrong, Complete Hot Five and Hot Seven Recordings, Louis Armstrong and his Hot Five, his Hot Seven, or his Hot Four, recorded 1925-1929, Columbia Legacy C4K 63527, 2000, compact discs.
Bibliographic
Entry
Armstrong, Louis. Complete Hot Five and Hot Seven Recordings. Louis Armstrong and his Hot Five, his Hot Seven, or his Hot Four.  Recorded 1925-1929. Columbia Legacy C4K 63527, 2000. 4 compact discs.

One track or part of a larger recording (CD, 33 1/3 rmp (LP), MP3, etc.)

Note 5. Franz Schubert, "Fantasia in C for Violin & Piano, D. 934," Complete Chamber Music for Piano and Strings, with Igor Ozim (violin) and Ilse von Alpenheim (piano), recorded 1988 and 1989, Pantheon D24975, 1989, MP3
Bibliographic
Entry
Schubert, Franz.. "Fantasia in C for Violin & Piano, D. 934." Complete Chamber Music for Piano and Strings. Igor Ozim (violin) and Ilse von Alpenheim (piano). Recorded 1988 and 1989. Pantheon D24975, 1989. MP3.

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